Stephen Arthur Cook
* December 14, 1939, Buffalo, New York, USA
ACM A.M. Turing Award - 1982
For his advancement of our understanding of the complexity of computation in a significant and profound way. His seminal paper, "The Complexity of Theorem Proving Procedures," presented at the 1971 ACM SIGACT Symposium on the Theory of Computing, laid the foundations for the theory of NP-completeness. The ensuing exploration of the boundaries and nature of the NP-complete class of problems has been one of the most active and important research activities in computer science for the last decade.